Cotton picking and cleaning machinery

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  • Publication Date: June 21, 1887
  • Publication Number: US-365125-A



(No Model.) W. H. GOLDSMITH. GOTTON PIGKING AND CLEANING MACHINERY. No. 365,125. Patented June 21,1887. JNVIN TUE. mw M imaw pew/*6; UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. \VlLLlAM H. GOLDSMITH, OF FALL RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS. COTTON PICKING AND CLEANING MACHINERY. SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 365,125, dated June 21, 1887. Serial No. 207,390. (No model.) To all whom it may concern: 7 Be it known that I, WXLLIAM 11. Gem)- sMIrII, of Fall River, in the county of Bristol and State of Massachusetts, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Cotton Picking and Cleaning Machinery, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification. My invention relates to cotton-working machinery generally employed in the preliminary working of bale-cotton to open out, clean, and form the same into a clean, light, and soft fleece called lap. My invention is here illustrated as embodied in a particular kind of machine known as a combined opener and lapper, in which the former consists, essentially, in a picker or scutcher for opening out the tufted and matted bale-cotton and extracting the dirt and foreign matter therefrom, and the latter consisls in gauze drums or catching and lapping devices for forming the cleaned cotton into lap. As is well-known,this class ofmachinery exists in variously-combined forms. My invention relates particularly to the devices in such combinations wherein suction-drafts are employed for blowing the cotton as it is beaten or whipped, as hereinafter fully explained. The objects of my invention are to provide a machine for working cotton whereby the bale-cotton is opened out, cleaned, and formed into an even lap in a rapid and efficient manner, and whereby the cotton is rendered very clean and lapped with comparatively little manipulation. To the above ends my invention consists, essentially, in the provision of a casing or housing of a picking or cleaning device with peculiar air ways or inlets; and, further, in the combinations and constructions of said airways, all as hereinafter fully described and claimed. In the accompanying drawings, illustrating my invention, Figure 1 represents a side view of a portion of a combined opener-lapper, illustrating the employment of both the primary and modified forms of my invention. The view is shown partly in broken and full lines and with some parts as broken away and once designate eorrcspomling parts throughout. Referring to the drawi ngs, (i designates a portion of the side frame of part of an ordinary form of a combined cotton opener and lapper machine. The casing or housing 7 of the opening or picking devices consists of an approximately cylindrical-shaped drum having suitable closed or solid ends, in order to form a suitable imperforate or closed housing for the pickers or openers. At one side of easing 7 is formeda longitudinally-disposed feed-open ing, 10, near to which are arranged a pair of feed-rolls, S, which, in case of the initial picker at the right hand, are fed by the endless feed-apron S), running on suitable revolving rollers, and shown in portion. Nearly opposite the feed-opening 10 the delivery chute 11 is set into the casing 7 longitudinally thereof. The rotary shaft 12 lies in the axial line of the cleaning device and is suit ably provided with boaters or whippers 13. The heaters are suitably actuated and cooperate with the feed-rollers and perform their functions in a manner well known. The general and ordinary construction of the picking or cleaning devices shown are similar. The sifting gratings or grids 15 are a series of bars or equivalents placed, as shown, in the bottom of the delivery-chute 11, and are provided with the dead-air chambers 16 be neath them. The delivery-chutes 11 lead directly into the trunks or passages 17, which open widely onto the wire-gauze drums 1S and 19, placed,as shown, and suitably mounted and actuated to revolve on their respective axes. The feed-rolls 21 are arranged and operate at the mouth of the passage-way 20, which leads to the feed-opening 10 of the left-hand cleaning device. The gratings or grids 23 are set in the casing 7 longitudinally thereof and near the bottom of the same. The suction or exhaust fans 24 are placed at points intermediate of the cleaning devices and the gauze drums or catchers, and are arranged so as to effect a suction-draft for said drums by means of the ordinary suction-fines, 14, constructed in awell-known manner, and to in no wise affeet the parts above them or to the sides opposite the drums, as these points are securely closed or air-tight. So far this description is of an old form of machine, which, in addition to what is shown, has the bottom of the casings of the cleaners quite completely supplied with grids like the grids 23, and these grids in the old form alluded to are well supplied with air-currents from below, which pass up through the same. In the old form of machine,the air being freely admitted to the grids at the bottom of the cleaning devices, the air-currents were forced up from beneath said grids as the dirt and foreign matter were supposed to fall down through the grids when the cotton was whipped or beaten over the grids. By this construction the exhaust-fans, which cooperate with the gauze drums, were supplied with air coming up through the grids, through the chute and trunk, and through the gauze drums. Such a construction is manifestly ineffieient for the purpose of the machine and requires frequent handling of the cotton in order to thoroughly clean it, for the reason that the grids at the bottom of the cleaners or pickers, where they are most necessary, were supplied solely with live air, thereby'defeating the purpose of the same to a great extent. My invention seeks to remedy the above referred-to defect by constructing the housing or casing of the pickers or cleaners substair tially closed or iinperforate and arranging the grids with dead-air chambers beneath them, and supplying the exhaust-fans with air introduced from the exterior to the interior of the cleaning devices, at definite places in the housing or casing-of said devices, by means ofthe perforated air-tubes or the perforations near the upper side of the drum. Considering, now, the embodiment of my invention with the machine here shown, the air-tubes 26 are, as shown, four-sided and with one face perforated, as at 27, and have one or both ends opened to freely admit air. These may be constructed of sheet metal, wood, or any suitable material, and they form the air ways or supplies of my invention. One or more of these tubes 26 are fixed longitudinally across the bottom of the casings 7 of the cleaning devices, and may displace several or all of the grids 23, according to the number of airtubes used. The air-tubes are arranged with the perforated portions of their bodies and the open'ends in communication with the interiors and exteriors, respectively, of the casings of the cleaning devices. Below the air-tubes 26, and belowthe grids 23 when used, I construct still or dead air chambers 29, and I close practically all parts of the housings or casings of the cleaning devices which are provided with the feed and delivery openings, as above described'. By virtue of this construction it will be seen that the only means of entrance of the air-supply for the fans is practically from the side of the machine into the open ends of the air-tubes 26, as per the arrows shown, through the perforations 27 and about the interior of the housing, over the grids when therein used, out of the delivery-chute and over the grids therein, through the trunk to the gauze drums or catchers, and so to the fan. \Vhen' a series of the air-tubes 26 are employed, as shown in the drawings in the righthand cleaner, I construct them quite narrow and space them slightly from one another, so that, considering the group of the tubes 26, a grid is formed of themselves,- and by virtue of the spaces between leading into a dead-air chamber 29 below the dust can readily drop out of the cotton passing thereover down through the dead-air spaces immediately upon being loosened by the air currents from the perforations 27. .It is to be observed that the air-tubes 26 may be of any desired cross-section and may have more or less perforations, and may be set in the casing of the picker or cleaner drum at any place. \Vhen the perforated air-tubes are used as I have shownthem in the picker or cleaner drum at the right hand of Fig. 1, the tubes perform the function of a hollow perforated grid-bar, through which the air-supplies may be obtained, as hereinbefore described. be used with most any ordinary form of a drum or cylinder of a cotton picking or cleaning device or any analogous device. In cleaning and opening out bale-cotton by beating and blowing the same, theblowing or use of the air-currents forms a most important feature of the. process, since the more perfect the supply and arrangement of said currents of air the more rapidly and perfectly is the cotton cleaned and opened out, so that when the soft fleecy cotton is caught by the catchers and lapped the lap is rendered evener. I claim these advantages for my invention, and, since my construction admits of the cotton being more rapidly finished as lap, the cotton is manipulated accordingly less, which is an important advantage in this art. Beyond the trunk 17 of the left-hand cleaner another set of cotton catching or lapping mech anisms similar to that shown may be supposed to be arranged, as is the ease generally in this class of machinery wherein the above described process is repeated several times before the cotton goes to the finisher, lapper, or evener. It is obvious that my invention may be readily employed in the cleaning and opening out of any fiber material otherwise than cotton, as herein alluded to, and that various modifications may be made in the several parts of my invention without a substantial departure from the spirit of the same as herein described and claimed. Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- It is evident that these air-tubes can 1. The combination, withapicker or cleaner drum provided with afeed and a delivery open ing, ,of one or more air-tubes perforated, substantially as described, and having one or both ends thereof open, said air-tubes placed in the casing of said drum with the perforations opening into the interior of the drum, substantially as and for the purpose herein described. 2. The combination, with apicker or cleaner d ru m provided with a feed and a delivery opening, and provided with grids having a deadair chamber, of one or more open-air tubes having perforations in the sides thereof, and said tubes placed in the casing of the drum, sub stantially as and for the purpose herein described. 3. The combination, with a picker or cleaner drum mounted horizontally, as described, and provided with a feed and a delivery opening, of a set of perforated air-tubes or hollow gridbars set in the bottom of the casing ofsaid drum with interspaces, and a dead-air chamber beneath said set of air-tubes, substantially as and tubes, substantially as and for the purpose herein described. 5. The combination, with a picker or cleaner drum provided with a feedopening and with a delivery-chute having dead-air gratings in the bottom thereof, of one or more perforated air-tubes set in the bottom of said drum and slightly spaced from each other, a dead-air chamber arranged beneath said tubes, catching or lapping mechanism disposed near the exit of the delivery-chute, an exhaust-fan coacting with said mechanism, substantially as described, whereby a suction-draft may be created from the exterior of said drum through the air-tubes and through the interior of the drum, and thence through the chute to said mechanism, substantially as and for the purpose described. 6. The combination, with a picker-drum or analogous fiber-Working device, of the open perforated air-tubes or hollow grid-bars disposed in the walls of said drum or device, sub stantially as herein described. 7. The combination, with apicker or cleaner drum provided with a feed and a delivery opening, of one or more of the air-tubes or hollow grid bars 26, having perforations 27, substantially as and for the purpose herein de scribed. \VILLIAM H. GOLDSMITH. 'Witnesses: W. H. GOLDSMITH, J r., J. A. MILLER, Jr.



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