'0. HOTZ. WAGON.
N0.334,385 i v "PatentedJaJn.12 ,1886.'
together by means of bolts 01 inserted through UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GHRISTOPH HOTZ, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
$PEC'IPICATI ON forming part of Letters Patent No. 334,385, dated January 12, 1886.
Application filed May 25, 1885.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, OHEIsToPH How, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wagons; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in wagon-gears; and it consists in the matter hereinafter described, and pointed out in the appended claims.
The device herein illustrated as embodying my invention embraces improvements in wagon-axles and means for attaching wagon-bodies thereto, and also in means for sustaining the wagon-body from the rear axle in springless wagons, as will hereinafter fully appear.
lteferring to the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of the rear parts of the gear of a wagon with the Wheel nearest the eye removed. Fig. 2 is a view from the rear of the parts shown in Fig. 1, one of the axle-arms being shown in section. Figs. 3 and 4 are detailed views illustrating a split sleeve, for attaching the wagon-body to the axle, applied to an iron axle.
As shown in the said drawings, A is the wagon-body, B is the rear axle, and O are longitudinally-arranged bars attached at their middle to the ends of the axle adjacent to the wheel-arms and supporting cross-pieces A of the Wagon-b0dy.
As an improved construction in the axle, and means for attaching the wagon-body thereto, the axle-arms of the axle B are provided with split rings or sleevesD, which are clamped about the axle-arms and in position to form the collars or shoulders thereof, and are provided upon their upper-parts with longitudinal plates, flanges, or stools D, preferably cast integral with the sleeves, and affording a 0011- venient means of attaching the bars 0 or other frame-pieces of the wagon to the said sleeves. The sleeves are preferably split or opened at points beneath the axle, and their free or opposing ends are conveniently drawn and held lugs d cast upon the sleeves adjacent to the Serial No. 166,604. (No model.)
splits, as clearly shown in several figures of the A beneath the axle, as indicated at b, Fig. 2, and
secured to the axles at the inner ends of their inwardly-extending parts 12, by means of vertical bolts 1), whereby the skeins are firmly held upon the axles, and the strength of the latter at their parts adjacent to the wheel-arms is greatly increased.
Thelongitudinal bars 0, supporting the wagon-body, may be conveniently secured to the stools or plates D of the sleeves by means of vertical bolts a, passing through the parts, as showuin the said Figs. 1 and 2.
In the particular construction of the parts herein illustrated the vertical width or depth of the bars 0 at points over the axle is increased by means of blocks 0, placed below the said bars, so as to sustain the rear part of the wagon at a suitable height above the axle, but in the use of larger wheels than those shown, in which case the axle will be higher relatively to the body than in thewagon illustrated, the said bars 0 may be attached directly to the sleeves D.
In Figs. 3 and 4 are illustrated split sleeves D, similar to those before described, applied to an iron axle,which is forged with plain conical arms, or without collars, so that the split sleeves, as in the case of the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2, form both the axle-collars and the means for attaching the wagon-body to the axle.
In a prior patent, No. 229,133, granted to me June 2, 1880, is shown a cast skein provided with a stool or flange cast integral with the skein for attaching the side beams of a cart'body to the axle.
The construction illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, in which a split sleeve provided with astool orfiange is used in connection with aseparate tubular skein,possessesimportant advantages over the device shown in said patent, for the reason that it enables a wrought or sheet metal skein to be employed, such skeins being preferred in practice, inasmuch as they may be readily and economically made of sheet-steel, and a construction embracing split sleeves, constructed as above set forth, in connection with the said tubular skein, is therefore herein claimed as part of my invention. The use of the split sleeves obviously enables the same general advantage to be gained, either when used in connection with a metal axle or with a wooden axle having tubular sleeves, inasmuch as they enable the external surface of the solid metal axle-arms in one case and the skeins in the other case to be forged plain, or without collars.
In the construction herein shown the axle is braced from the wagon-body by means of lateral and longitudinally-inclined braces E and F. These braces are shown in an application for patent made by Martin Conrad simultaneously herewith, and the construction embracing said braces is not therefore claimed as part of this invention.
An important ad vantage of the general construction of the parts above described is that the weight of the wagoitbody and its load is thereby brought upon the rear axle at points adjacent to the wheel-arms, so thatliability of breakage of the axle by shocks upon it,due to the weight of the body and load,is reduced to a minimum.
Split sleeves provided with stools or flanges D' obviously afford a simple, convenient, and reliable means of attaching the wagon-body to the axle, and inasmuch as said sleeves mentioned may beadvantageously used in a gear constructed in other respects differently from that herein shown, the said sleeves are herein broadly claimed without limitation to the partieular construction of the other parts shown, excepting as set forth in the appended specific claims.
I claim as my invention- 1. The combination, with a wagon-axle, ofa split sleeve clamped upon the axle in position to form the collar of the wheel-arm and pro vided with a stool or flange for the attachment of the wagon-body, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with a wooden wagonaxle, of a tubular skein, B, andsplit sleeve D, clamped upon the axle and skein,forming the collar of the wheelarm, and provided with a stool or flange, D, for the attachment of the wagon-body, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with the rear axle and body of a wagon, of bars U, for sustaining the rear portion of the wagon from the axle, and split sleeves D, clamped upon the axle and forming the collars upon the axle-arms, and also constructed to connect the said bars with the axle, substantially as described.
4. The combination, with the rear axle, B, and longitudinal bars 0, of split sleeves D, clamped upon the axle and provided with stools or flanges D, for the attachment of said bars, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
M. E. DAYTON, LoUIs Sol-HF; L'N.