W. s. CARR.
No. 33,070; Patented Aug. 20, 1861.
THE Nonms PEYERS 00 PHOTO-M11111, WASHINGTON, '0. c. I
. UNITE gTAIESPAIENT onnion s. CARR, or NEW Yotiien. Y.
Specification of Letters 1 am No. 33,070, dated August 20, 186i.
To all whom 'it may concern: 7
Be it known that I, ILLIAM S. CARR, of the city and State of New York, have in vented, made, and applied to use certain new and useful Improvements in VVater-Closets, and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the nature of my said invention, reference bein had to the annexed drawing, making part 0 this specification, wherein V V y Figure l is a a plan of my water closet. Fig; 2 is a side elevation and Fig. 3 is a vertical section.
Similar marks of reference denote the same parts. U y
The nature of my said invention consists in a movable dam connected to the basin in such a manner that when turned down the water and other contents of the basin rush away to the soil pipe and when turned up the water is so dammed up as to remain in the basin and stand at a level higher than the opening so as effectually to exclude any smell. I also construct the receiver of my closet in a peculiar manner so as to give access to the trap of the closet without disturbing the closet or pan; and I provide a foot lever by which the flow of water is admitted, so that any person on rising from the closet can stand with one foot on the lever to give a suflicient flow of water while adjusting the dress.
In the drawing a, is a metallic stand attached to the floor or platform sustaining the .closet. This stand receives beneath it the ordinary trap or bent pipe, and allows said pipe to pass off in any direction between any two of the legs of said stand, and the trap being above the floor avoids the cutting away as now generally necessary for introducing said trap. Upon this stand a, is the receiver 6, attached by bolts 1 y, and 0, is the basin extending out from one side of the receiver 6; (Z, is the pipe supplying water to the basin 0, and w, is the deflector as usual.
6, is a cock or valve of any usual construction to regulate the flow of water to the closet in cases where a cistern is not used.
9, is a cover to the receiver 6, by the rebe pack d wi h; ma er Sult ns cem temake them perfectlytight and the uilioii b etween the and receiver Z), is rendered tight by the introduction of the edge of a sheet of rubber or similar elastic water proof fabric it; I
I, is the flange on the basin 0, 2, is a. flitiige on the receiver 6, and 3, is 's'crewby which the rubber is clamped between said flange 1, and receiver 25. I would here remark that where the basin 1 c, is made i of metal and enameled or not there will be sufiicient strength to sustain tlie'basih in its proj e'c'ting form, but where the basin 0, isinade of 501 celain the flange 2, may project in the shape of a hand or s'iipport in which the Basin rests The sheet of elastic material h, when turned up as shown, forms the dam to retain the water in the basin 0, to close the orifice 2 or when turned down as represented by dotted lines in Fig. 3 becomes a conductor or chute between the basin 0, and soil pipe or trap.
The dam h, is operated by means of the forked elevator 70, on the cross shaft 2', that is introduced into the receiver 6, and is ground into place so as to be tight although not actually exposed to contact with the water, being protected by the dam h. .A plate 0., fitted tri press on the end of this shaft 11, keeps it in p ace.
6, is a crank arm on the shaft 2', acted upon by the bent lever Z, on the fulcrum 7, one arm of which is provided with a slot taking a crank pin on 6, the other arm extends horizontally toward the front of the closet where it may terminate with a handle 8, or be connected by a rod toa handle passing through at the side of the seat. This lever is to be sufficiently weighted to maintain the position shown in Fig. 2, except when lifted.
9, is a toe piece on Z, taking the stem 10, of a suitable valve at e, to cause the flow of water.
m, is a bent lever on a fulcrum 13, one arm of which connects by a pin 12, with the slotted lever Z, and the other arm terminates as a foot piece 11.
It will now be seen that when the foot is placed upon the lever m, or the lever Z, is raised by hand, the forked elevator is, is turned down and the weight of water straightens out the sheet of elastic material it, and all the contents of the basin flow off suddenly and freely to the soil pipe and the water is caused to run sufliciently for cleansing the basin, When upon releasing the lever (Z or m) the parts assume their normal position, the forked elevator is, rising beneath and folding up the elastic sheet h, as shown, so as to retain the Water to a given height, there being ample space for overflow in the folds of the sheet It. I I
My closet can be made very cheap and can be placed upon the floor or platform Without requiring the same to be cut away for introducing the trap, and the seat does not come above the ordinary height for closets.
v The same mechanism can be used as a sink or slop closet into which to empty dirty Water, or may be used as a urinal, the Water being allowed to run, as indicated, for keeping it clean. i
What I claim and desire to secure by Let ters Patent is 1. The receiver 6, fitted With the cover 9 and sustained upon the legs a, a, for the purposes and as set forth.
2. The combination of the basin 0, and a dam (h) fitted in such a manner as to be turned up to retain water in the basin for :the purposes specified.
3. The manner herein specified of forming the dam h, of a sheet of elastic material clamped between the basin 0, and the receiver b, as specified.
4. The arrangement of the shaftz' and elevator is, in combination With the dam h, in the manner specified.
5. The foot lever m, applied substantially as specified to empty the contents of the basin 0, and cause the flow of Water forwashing the basin as set forth. 7
6. The levers Z, and m arranged in the manner specified in combination with the crank 6, and valve 6, for the purposes set forth.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my signature this second day of July 1861.
WM. S. CARR.
LEMUEL W. SERRELL, J. W. THOMPSON.